It is a horrifying moment when ground under your floor starts shaking and you are unaware and predicting at the same time the worse situation you could possibly encounter, will the rooftop fall on you, will you be alive once it over, will you be meeting your family again and so many similar thoughts surround you once you come to know that earthquake has hit your area.
Well, a number of people are unaware of the major 3 hazards linked to the earthquake. Here is your complete guide to what this calamity can bring you along with its several shocks:
The initial hazard that is linked to an earthquake is the ground shaking. It is the first indicator as well as when you experience an earthquake, you feel that the surface under your feet is jolting. This is basically of two types; either it’s a vertical or horizontal vibrational pattern. This is alarming in a way that it damages the buildings and if the intensity is greater, it can transform huge buildings into rubbles. In addition to it, soil liquefaction can also occur. In this process, the entire building is slipped in the ground due to the mixing of water and sand.
The major reason for collapsing of buildings in that the strong ways generated as a result of an earthquake. The movement in the base further leads to the destruction of the building.
Ground displacement is the second hazard linked to the earthquake. The fault line is to be considered while constructing a building or doing any sort of construction. In addition to it, the structure can seriously be damaged or collapsed during an earthquake if your constructed area lies on the fault line.
It is a common perception and few people are aware of it that flooding and earthquake are linked to each other at certain times. If an earthquake hits a coastal area, there is a chance that it can create stronger waves in the sea or it can be so strong and intense that it breaks all the barriers that are made to limit the flow of water. Tsunami is one of its examples.
The third main hazard is flooding. An earthquake can rupture (break) dams or levees along a river. The water from the river or the reservoir would then flood the area, damaging buildings and maybe sweeping away or drowning people.